Bulletins from the Pacific Packet Radio Society - page 127

satellites for packet radio would be sufficiently complex that it was unlikely that many individual users would be able to muster the resources for individual access. Rather, AMICON would probably evolve as a channel for linking local "concentrator" nodes around the world.

There was a lot of discussion on suitable modulation methods and bit rates that could be supported by Phase-3B. Den Connors and Lyle Johnson of TAPR, Paul Rinaldo of AMRAD, and Tom Clark and John DuBois of AMSAT presented their research findings. Many different modem types were reviewed and international requirements were discussed. After all the debate the following conclusions were reached:

1. The AMICON SSC usage should be restricted to 5 kHz bandwidth (at the -26 dB points). Modem performance must be a primary consideration for any ground station, and the modem used will probably be of a rather advanced design.

2. The use of 202-type modems using NBFM-AFSK will not work.

3. The use of 202 modems using SSB-FSK will produce marginal results.

4. A 400-1200 bps channel speed is probably optimal, as this speed satisfies a variety of different constraints and requirements.

5. The PSK modulation techniques developed for Phase-3B telemetry should be explored at both 400 and 1200 bps.

6. The AMRAD and TAPR groups are going to pursue development of a modem which employs Minimum Shift Keying (MSK). MSK and PSK are considered the most promising methods at this time.

7. The SSC will have to be open for different experimental approaches until there is general agreement and experimental validation of "the" optimum method.

Considering all the alternatives which were discarded, the above resolutions represent a significant narrowing of focus. If that wasn't enough, more was yet to come!

Eric Sc ace reviewed the work which had been done by the NJ & AMRAD packeteers to adapt the international X-25 protocol to amateur needs. The amateur subset has been documented by Terry Fox, and is now called AX.25. Hank Magnuski distributed a tutorial document on connectionless protocols and described work which had been done to develop Revision 4 of the TIPM and LIPM software. This is the first implementation of TNC software utilizing only amateur calls (and not hard-wired assigned addresses) for addressing.

By the evening of the October 8, the group began to recognize that only very minor differences separated the AX.25

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